You overstayed in Thailand and were deported to your own country. Thus your name was put on a black list to bar from entering into Thailand for 10 years.
I assume that you overstayed in Thailand without applying for the necessary visa for many years.
However, the fact that your name is on a black list for 10 years,according to the rule, which is not the law. In my opinion, it is merely a kind of announcement by the Immigration Authority.
If you disagree with it, you can appointment my law office to be your lawyer to represent you in the Administrative Court to file a petition on your behalf demanding a Judgement to allow you entering into Thailand again very soon.